A bone fracture or a broken bone refers to a crack or a break in a bone; it is usually caused by a very strong force, such as the force of impact created in a car accident, a fall or a sports-related accident.
Bone fracture or broken bone has various types , including:
- Closed or simple fracture;
- Open (compound) fracture – the broken bone punctures and juts out through the skin;
- Greenstick fracture – this fracture is frequently suffered by children. It is characterized by one side of the bone being broken, while and the other side is only bent;
- Hairline fracture – or stress fracture, is fatigue-induced. It results from repeated stress and often occurs in the lower leg or foot. Activities that result to this type of fracture include jogging or running; and,
- Comminuted fracture – this type of fracture is most often a consequence of a motor vehicle accidents. Here, a bone breaks or is shattered into more than two fragments.
While the symptoms of a fracture depends on the severity of the injury and the specific bone that has been fractured, these usually include pain, bruising and swelling; if the fracture occurs in a leg or an arm, the limb affected would be very hard, if not impossible, to use.
While some bone fractures would need surgery and surgical traction, others simply require a a plaster cast, to immobilize the bone, or the surgical insertion of metal plates or rods to hold the bone pieces together. There are fractures, though, that are considered more dangerous due to the possible complications that these may result to. Thus, in the case of fracture of the skull, there is risk of damage to the brain; a rib fracture, meanwhile can result to injury to chest organs, such as the lungs.
Broken bones may be reset and scarred tissues, corrected. These, however, can cause long-term issues with mobility and chronic pain that will necessitate continued costly medical treatment which may eventually cause financial difficulties for the patient and his/her family.
If the accident that resulted to the bone fracture is a consequence of someone’s reckless or negligent behavior, then the victim can (and should) pursue legal action against the liable party in order to recover compensation for all the damages resulting from the injury. Along this same line of thought, the law firm Russo, Russo & Slania says, “The effects that a serious injury can have on the lives of both victims and their loved ones can be considerable. For many, the physical and emotional challenges that these types of injuries can pose are often extraordinarily difficult to overcome. What’s more, injury victims are rarely in a position to be able to comfortably afford the costs of medical treatment and lost income that may result from the harm they have suffered.
The consequences these re often substantial. Fortunately, it is often possible for people in these situations to receive financial compensation when another person or party is responsible for causing their injuries or illness. Because of this, many victims are able to not only get the financial support they need to better deal with the aftermath, but are also able to get much-needed closure and justice.”